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Greece has a population of approximately 11 million. Athens is the largest city and capital of Greece, with a population of over four million and a history of more than 6,000 years. The second largest city, Thessaloniki, with one million inhabitants, is located in northern Greece and is an important seaport, cultural focal point, and regional business center. Other large cities include Piraeus, the main port of Greece, Patras, Volos, Larissa, and Iraklion on the island of Crete. More than 60% of the country’s population resides in cities.