Greek-Croatian bilateral relations are inspired by the principle of good neighbourly relations, are further strengthened by Croatia’s upcoming EU accession, and are further cultivated by frequent bilateral contacts on all levels. There is mutual interest in expanding bilateral economic cooperation, which has significant potential for further growth. Greek-Croatian regional cooperation is at a particularly good level within the framework of the South East European Cooperation Process (SEECP).
Greece supported Croatia’s accession to NATO. Within the framework of Greece’s broader strategy for the European perspective of the Western Balkans, we supported steadily the completion of Croatia’s accession negotiations to the EU.
Greece and Croatia established diplomatic relations on July 20th, 1992. The Greek Embassy in Zagreb has been functioning since 1994, while the Croatian Embassy in Athens since 1993.
Within the Greek Embassy in Zagreb there is a Consular Office and an Office of Economic and Commercial Affairs, while Croatia maintains in Athens, besides the Embassy, a Consular Office.
Political relations between the two countries are at a very good level. They are further promoted by frequent bilateral contacts and even more strengthened after Croatia’s accession to the European Union (July 1, 2013). Our country has consistently supported Croatia's Euro-Atlantic integration. Croatia jointed NATO in 2009. In addition, Greece and Croatia have established a particularly good cooperation in the framework of International Organizations and Regional Fora, e.g. in the South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP).
Between Greece and Croatia there is also a broad framework of agreements (28 in total), many of which had been signed with the former Yugoslavia and are still in force under the rules on state succession. We could indicate the Economic Cooperation Agreement (1994), the Agreement of Cooperation in the fields of Culture, Education and Science (1995), the Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation (1996), the Agreement on Tourism (1998) etc.
According to the annual data of the Hellenic Statistical Authority the commercial transactions between Greece and Croatia in 2013 registered an increase of 16.3%.
Trade volume reached 139.2 million euros, while in 2012 it reached 119.6 million euros.
The value of Greek exports amounted to 53.6 million euros, increased by 35.6% compared to 2012.
Croatian exports to Greece amounted to 85.6 million euros, increased by 6.8%.
The trade balance registered a deficit for our country at the level of 32 million euros, decreased by 21.2% compared to the year 2012.
Petroleum products rank first among Greek exportable products representing 21% of the total value of our exports to Croatia in 2013, followed by citrus (10.6%), pharmaceuticals (3.8%), metal constructions (3.1%) and copper tubes (2,2%).
The Croatian exports to our country are dominated by the petroleum products (72.2%) and sugar representing 5% of total exports. The further increase of petroleum products' exports contributed decisively to the registered overall increase of Croatian exports to Greece.
In energy sector the cooperation between Greece and Croatia is being intensified. Croatia is interested in being connected to TAP pipeline, through IAP pipeline and has signed a joint declaration with the interested countries in the region of SE Europe.
Greece and Croatia have signed a Cultural Agreement (Athens, 10.03.1995), which is implemented through bilateral executive programs. The second consecutive Educational, Scientific and Cultural Cooperation Program has been in force since 2004. It provides, inter alia, for the cooperation between higher educational institutions, exchange of visits of scientists and researchers, scholarships for postgraduate studies and research, attendance of summer language courses, cooperation between libraries and archives, participation in cultural events and festivals etc.
At the Universities of Zagreb and Zadar there is a seat of ancient Greek Literature in the Department of Classical Studies, where modern Greek language is also taught. Modern Greek is also taught in the public humanistic high school of Zagreb, which is financially supported by "Alexandros Onassis Foundation”.