Tuesday, 18 May 2021
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Permanent Representation to NATO

NATO Reform

NATO’s new Strategic concept, which was adopted in 2010, sets out the strategic role the Alliance will play over the next ten years, specifying its three main missions: collective defence (Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty), crisis management, and strengthened cooperation with its partners, third countries, and international organizations.

A flexible and operational NATO that is in a position to respond in a timely manner to the needs of the international security environment, can provide complementary assistance to the primarily responsible international organizations.

The principal lesson drawn from the experience of carrying out peacekeeping operations, and which is of practical use in processing the chain of data and what is sought from crisis management policy, and which the NATO member states approve of and accept in all its depth and breadth, is that the successful confrontation of modern security challenges requires not only the use of military means, but also the necessary  promotion of a “comprehensive approach”, as well as the cooperation with major actors in the international system, such as the United Nations, the EU, Russia, China and India.
Thus, maintaining NATO’s superiority in defensive means and capabilities, in the midst of economic difficulties and cuts in defence spending, is at the current time an immediate priority for NATO. And it is also a major  challenge in the implementation of this priority.

The Chicago Defence Package is a means of decisive importance for achieving the abovementioned Alliance objective. The salient characteristic of the Chicago Defence Package, which was adopted at the Chicago NATO Summit (20-21 May 2012), is the commitment on the part of the Alliance member states to maintain already available defensive means and capabilities, as well as to acquire new ones in the next decade and beyond. “Smart Defence” and the “Connected Forces Initiative” are key parameters of the Chicago Defence Package.

The implementation of Smart Defence and the Connected Forces Initiative, in the context of curtailed defence budgets, is aimed at providing NATO member states with the potential for maintaining and acquiring the necessary defensive means and, by extension, with the potential for ensuring the reliability of their operational capability for averting and managing crises through promoting, on general lines, a) a rationalized restructuring of their defence spending priorities, b) the  joint development of defensive capabilities, c) the specialization in the defence sector, and d) the adoption of multi-national solutions.