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The UN was established on 24 October 1945 and currently has 193 Member States. The principal aims of the Organization are to maintain world peace and security, to promote friendly relations among nations, to ensure cooperation for the resolution of international crises, and to promote human rights.
The United Nations has three main pillars: peace and security, development, and human rights. The work the UN has done and continues to do is vital in all three of these sectors. UN Peacekeeping Operations – of which there are currently 14 – are a key tool for achieving international peace and security.
It could be said in brief that, from the protection of human rights to humanitarian disaster relief, from crisis management to global disarmament agreements, and from the protection of the environment to food aid programs throughout the world, the UN impacts the day-to-day lives of billions of people on our planet.
The breadth of the Organization’s activities is constantly expanding to confront new challenges (e.g., spread of the Ebola virus). So that the UN can be made more effective and can more accurately reflect the current politico-economic reality, Security Council reform, which Greece supports, has been under discussion in the General Assembly since 2004.
This year’s 74th UN General Assembly is being carried out against a background of numerous challenges (such as unprecedented migratory flows and fight against terrorism) that are testing the endurance of the international system. Greece believes that the UN can and must play a leading role in overcoming the current global instability.
Greece, in coordination with its EU partners, is participating in the under way process emphasizing the interconnection of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development in the development agenda 2030. Achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDM) is a clear policy priority. Greece strives for the accomplishment of the environmental goals adopted in the Paris Agreement and fully supports ambitious efforts by the EU in this direction. Greece actively participated in the Climate Action Summit convened by the Secretary General of the UN Antonio Guterres on 23 September 2019 in New York. During the High Level week in New York, Greece presented in a pre-Summit event its initiative on “Climate Change Impacts on Cultural Heritage”.
Greece is among the 51 founding members of the United Nations. Greece remains dedicated to the pan-human ideals of the UN, participates actively in the proceedings of the UN and ardently supports the Organization as the repository of the international legal order. The principal points of reference for Greece’s presence at the UN can be summarized as follows: promotion of democratic principles of governance, peaceful resolution of disputes, strict compliance with the rules of international law, and full respect for human rights.
Greece was last elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2005-2006 and has submitted its candidacy for non-permanent membership in the UN Security Council for 2025-2026.