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The UN was established on 24 October 1945 and currently has 193 Member States. The principal aims of the Organization are to maintain world peace and security, to promote friendly relations among nations, to ensure cooperation for the resolution of international crises, and to promote human rights.
The United Nations has three main pillars: peace and security, development, and human rights. The work the UN has done and continues to do is vital in all three of these sectors. UN Peacekeeping Operations – of which there are currently 16 – are a key tool for achieving international peace and security.
It could be said in brief that, from the protection of human rights to humanitarian disaster relief, from crisis management to global disarmament agreements, and from the protection of the environment to food aid programmes throughout the world, the UN impacts the day-to-day lives of billions of people on our planet.
The breadth of the Organization’s activities is constantly expanding to confront new challenges (e.g., spread of the Ebola virus). So that the UN can be made more effective and can more accurately reflect the current politico-economic reality, Security Council reform, which Greece supports, has been under discussion in the General Assembly since 2004.
This year’s 69th UN General Assembly is being carried out in the midst of international challenges that are testing the endurance of the international system. Greece believes that the UN can and must play a leading role in overcoming the current global instability.
In 2015, the UN is being called upon to reaffirm its leading role in the adoption and promotion of the Post-2015 Development Goals. In coordination with its EU partners, Greece is participating in the proceedings under way, emphasizing the interconnection of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development in the development agenda being formulated. In parallel, Greece believes that the Climate Summit convened by the UN Secretary General on 23 September 2014 was an important step towards a substantial global agreement on Climate within 2015. With the relevant negotiations under way, the new Agreement is to be adopted at the 2015 Climate Conference in Paris. Greece is participating actively in the ongoing international negotiations on Climate Change and supports the EU’s ambitious efforts to lead the struggle to confront this phenomenon.
Greece is among the 51 founding members of the United Nations. Greece remains dedicated to the pan-human ideals of the UN, participates actively in the proceedings of the UN and ardently supports the Organization as the repository of the international legal order. The principal points of reference for Greece’s presence at the UN can be summarized as follows: promotion of democratic principles of governance, peaceful resolution of disputes, strict compliance with the rules of international law, and full respect for human rights.
Greece was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2005-2006 and has submitted its candidacy for non-permanent membership in the UN Security Council for 2025-2026.