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Human rights and fundamental freedoms violations

The enclaved

Over the years, the Turkish side systematically violated the Third Vienna Agreement (August 1975), by which it  hade been committed to providing Greek Cypriots enclaved in the Turkish occupied areas   with “every help to lead a normal life, including facilities for education and for the practice of their religion, as well as medical care by their own doctors and freedom of movement in the north.” The total number of the enclaved has fallen from 20,000, in 1974, to less  than 500 today.

Permission for the operation of the occupied Rizokarpasso Greek Cypriot High School was granted as recently as April 2004, and a six-grade high school – attended by 58 pupils – was finally given permission to operate in September 2005. Up until 2005, the occupation regime censored textbooks (by removing the pages at issue).

In 2007, the Turkish occupation regime decided to allow a priest to take up duties in Rizokarpasso. That same year, however, the occupation forces demolished a large number of Greek Cypriot homes in Rizokarpasso. In 2012, there were new violations of the property rights of enclaved Greek Cypriots, including seizures of homes and property in favour of Turkish settlers.

In 2008, the European Court of Human Rights, ruling on the application of Ms Eleni Foka, teacher of the elementary school in Ayia Triada, Yialousa , found Turkey to be in violation of article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights, concerning freedom of expression.

As already mentioned (“Humanitarian Parameter”), in May 2014 the ECHR issued a judgement calling on Turkey to pay damages in the amount of €60 million to the enclaved.

Last Updated Wednesday, 10 May 2017